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不幸中的奇迹:巴黎圣母院火灾中得救的珍贵艺术品和文物

Chris Morris 2019年04月21日

火灾发生后,?#24184;?#20123;艺术品下落不明,但大批艺术品都没有受损。

本周二早上,火焰从巴黎圣母院的尖顶冲出,大教堂能够在火?#24184;?#31435;不倒已经令人目瞪口呆。而消防员能够抢救下教?#32654;?#36825;么多珍宝,也同样让人瞠目结舌。

“有点儿像奇迹;我们也松了一口气。”巴黎圣母院的发言人安德烈·菲诺向法国24小时新闻频道BFMTV表示。

火灾发生后,?#24184;?#20123;艺术品下落不明,但大批艺术品都没有受损。消防员分成不同小组,一些负责灭火,另外一些负责拯救艺术品和文物。

本周二晚间,巴黎市长安妮·伊达尔戈在推特上分享了一张照片,展示了几件得到安置的珍品,她写道:“荆棘王冠、圣路易斯外衣和其他几件主要艺术品目前都放置在一个安全的地方”。修缮巴黎圣母院的筹款已经超过6亿美元。

?#34892;?#24052;黎消防、警察和市政今晚共同组成了一条强大的人链,拯救了巴黎圣母院中的艺术品。荆棘王冠、圣路易斯外衣和其他几件主要艺术品目前都放置在一个安全的地方。

——安妮·伊达尔戈(@Anne_Hidalgo),2019年4月15日

目前,受损文物和幸存文物的名单尚不完整,下文是其中几件被救出来了的重要艺术品。

荆棘王冠

这是圣母院最珍贵的文物,据说它是耶稣被钉在十字架之前戴的头饰。荆棘王冠只在每个月的第一个星期五和大寨节的每个星期五向公众展出。仅这一件文物每年就能够吸引高达1300万游客。

圣路易斯外衣

它被认为是路易九世将荆棘王冠带到巴黎时穿的外衣。

?#20498;?#33457;窗

这是大教堂最著名的特色之一,历史可以追溯至13世纪。

“就我看到的情况而言,彩色玻璃没有被祸及,三扇历史能够追溯到12、13世纪的?#20498;?#33457;窗幸免于难。”Finot说,“19世纪的彩色玻璃窗可能受损,但13世纪的珍宝要重要得多,这感觉有点像奇迹,我们长舒了一口气。”

大管风琴

这架风琴是世界上最大的风琴之一,可以追溯到18世纪,有近8,000只音管。它在6年?#23433;?#23436;全修复。人们仍然担心火灾中的热气、烟雾和水会对仪器产生长久影响。

巴黎圣母院的钟

卡西莫多仍然有工作,巴黎圣母院里闻名于世的钟都幸免于难,其中最大的几座钟自1685年以来在法国历史上的重要时刻都会响起。消防员成功阻止了火焰进入钟楼。钟声在巴黎时间本周三下午6:50再次响起,这是周一火灾发生的时刻。

十二使徒的青铜雕像

直到上周,这些来?#26434;?2和13世纪的雕像还立在圣母院的尖塔上,尖塔在本周二的火灾中被烧毁。然而由于需要修复,它们最近才刚从尖塔移走,也最终因此幸免于难。

绘画

当然不是所有的画作都从大火中得救。但包括《五月》系列(Mays of Notre Dame)在内的部分绘画被救了出来,它们预?#24179;?#22312;未来几天被运往卢浮宫,在?#25250;?#36827;行除湿、保护和修复。

然而,真十字架碎片和钉死耶稣的其?#24184;?#26522;圣钉仍然下落不明。(财富中文网)

译者:Agatha

It’s rather staggering that Notre-Dame is standing at all on Tuesday morning after seeing flames shoot through the roof Monday. It’s also jaw dropping that firefighters were able to save so many of the church’s most precious objects.

“It’s a bit of a miracle; we are very relieved,” André Finot, a cathedral spokesman, told BFMTV, a 24-hour news channel in France.

Several artifacts are still unaccounted for after the fire, but many made it through unharmed. Firefighters worked in teams, some fighting the blaze while others rescued artwork and relics.

Late Tuesday, Anne Hidalgo, mayor of Paris, shared a photo on Twitter, showing several saved objects, writing “The Crown of Thorns, the Tunic of Saint Louis and several other major works are now in a safe place”. And fundraising efforts for the church’s repair have already topped $600 million.

Merci aux @PompiersParis, aux policiers et aux agents municipaux qui ont réalisé ce soir une formidable cha?ne humaine pour sauver les ?uvres de #NotreDame. La couronne d'épines, la tunique de Saint Louis et plusieurs autres ?uvres majeures sont à présent en lieu s?r. pic.twitter.com/cbrGWCbL2N

— Anne Hidalgo (@Anne_Hidalgo) April 15, 2019

While the list of what was saved and what was lost is still incomplete, here’s a look at some of the major artifacts that survived the fire.

The Crown of Thorns

The cathedral’s most valued relic, this is the headpiece said to be worn by Jesus Christ before his crucifixion. It’s only shown publicly on the first Friday of each month and every Friday during Lent. It, alone, attracts up to 13 million visitors per year.

Tunic of Saint Louis

A garment thought to be worn by Louis IX when he brought the Crown of Thorns to Paris.

Rose Windows

One of the cathedral’s most famous features, these date back to the 13th century.

“From what I could see, the stained glass had not been touched, the three beautiful roses that date back to the 12th and 13th century were still there,” said Finot. “These are stained glass windows of the 19th century, much less important that may have been touched, but not the jewels of the 13th century, it’s a bit of a miracle, we are very relieved.”

Great Organ

Dating back to the 1700s, this is one of largest organs in the world, with nearly 8,000 pipes. It was fully restored just six years ago. There is still concern that the heat, smoke and water could have lasting effects on the instrument.

Notre-Dame Bells

Quasimodo still has a job, as the famous bells, the largest of which has been ringing in major moments in French history since 1685, are safe. Firefighters prevented the flames from reaching the bell towers. The bells rang Wednesday at 6:50pm (Paris time), the time the fire broke out Monday.

Bronze statues of the Twelve Apostles

Just last week, these statues from the 12th and 13th century were located on the cathedral’s spire, which collapsed in the fire Tuesday. However, they were removed recently for restoration, which ultimately saved them.

Paintings

Certainly not all paintings were saved from the fire. Those that were, including the ‘Mays of Notre Dame,’ are expected to be removed in the coming days, transported to the Louvre, where they will be dehumidified, protected and restored.

Still unaccounted for, though, are a fragment of the True Cross and one of the Holy Nails from the crucifixion.

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